Israel Jerusalem: crossing point of three main world religions
Israel Jerusalem: crossing point of three main world religions
Jerusalem has an incredibly complex history, it is an important crossing point of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam: the three main world religions. Therefore, it is quite natural that most of its main sights are somehow connected with religious themes. Want to be sure that your trip to Israel Jerusalem will be all right? You will always be sure that the rest will pass with a bang with travel company Travellika!
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Jerusalem holy sights: what to see in Jerusalem
Western Wall (Wailing Wall)
The Western Wall (Wailing Wall) is the remains of a stone wall built for the Second Temple around the Temple Mount. It is believed that the Wailing Wall is located in maximum proximity to the location of the Temple of Solomon, which was completely destroyed in 586 BC. The Western Wall is a stronghold of the Jewish religion, here, day and night, you can see praying Jews who believe that the gates of paradise are located near the Western Wall.
Yad Vashem (Memorial Hill)
Yad Vashem is the main Israeli monument dedicated to the victims of the Holocaust. Names of people killed in Nazi camps are engraved on the floor of Hall of Memory, and the Eternal Flame is kept in memory of the dead. The building also houses a children’s memorial, an art museum, which exhibits works created by prisoners of concentration camps, and a photo exhibition.
The Israel Museum, which was opened in 1965, is the only exhibition hall of the country, where are represented both archaeological finds and objects of art.
Church of the Holy Sepulcher
The Church of the Holy Sepulcher is a place of worship for all Christians. According to biblical inscriptions, it was here that Jesus was crucified. The temple was destroyed in 1009, and the building that we can see today was built in the 11th century. The Church of the Holy Sepulcher is one of the best examples of religious architecture. It is noteworthy that the Temple belongs to several Christian denominations, each of which owns a certain part of the temple and has its own prayer hours.
Jerusalem sightseeing tours: attractions of Jerusalem with Travellika
Temple Mount and Dome of the Rock
Temple Mount is considered the main place of pilgrimage for the Jews: here Abraham was supposed to sacrifice his son Isaac at the behest of God. Temple Mount is the third most important holy place for Muslims, after Mecca and Medina. The Prophet Mohammed ascended to heaven from Temple Mount. When the Muslims seized Jerusalem in the seventh century, they erected on the Temple Mount the Dome of the Rock: an Islamic sanctuary decorated with gold. Today there are about 100 objects on the territory of the Temple Mount: places for prayers, arches, fountains that symbolize different historical epochs.
Mount of Olives
The Mount of Olives and the views from it will delight not only religious pilgrims but also ordinary tourists. Mount of Olives has a special meaning: in Judaism, as the place where King David offered prayers to God, in Christianity, as the place of the ascension of Jesus Christ. There are several temples on the Mount of Olives: the Church of the Ascension, from where you can see all of Jerusalem; Pater Noster Church is the place where Jesus gave his disciples; Dominus Flevit Church (The Lord Wept) was built where Jesus mourned the fate of Jerusalem; and the Russian Church of St. Mary Magdalene erected in memory of Empress Maria Alexandrovna. At the foot of the Mount of Olives is the Garden of Gethsemane, in which Jesus spent the last night before the crucifixion.
Tower of David
The Citadel, also known as the Tower of David, is in fact not directly related to David. The tower was erected by King Herod to protect his palace. Initially, the citadel had three towers: Faisal named after the brother Herod, Miriam in honor of the wife Herod and Gippikus in honor of his friend.
The fortress was destroyed in the 13th century by the Mamluks. Later, the Mamluks, together with the Turks, rebuilt the Citadel. After the restoration, it received the name Tower of David in memory of the founder of Jerusalem. Today, the Citadel is the Museum of the Tower of David, dedicated to the history of Jerusalem.
Marvelous places to visit in Jerusalem Israel
For many Christians, the Via Dolorosa (Grief Path) is the main purpose of the trip to Jerusalem. This road follows the route of Jesus Christ to the place of crucifixion. On Fridays, anyone can join an organized procession led by Franciscan monks. There are 14 stops on the Path of the Cross of Jesus. The route starts from the Muslim Quarter of the Old City along the Via Dolorosa in the western direction to the Temple of the Lord.
Church of the Nativity of Christ
The Church of the Nativity of Christ is one of the main and revered Christian shrines. The church is built on the supposed birthplace of Jesus Christ. Despite the numerous invasions of the city, the temple was never completely destroyed.
The entrance to the temple is a narrow passage, which involuntarily causes each visitor to bow his head and worship Jesus.
Mount Zion is located in the historical center of Jerusalem and has great historical importance for the Jewish people.
In addition, the Zion Gate and the ancient Church of the Assumption of the Holy Virgin are located on Mount Zion. Oskar Schindler is buried on top of Zion: a German industrialist who saved many Jews from death during the Holocaust.
Today Mount Zion is one of the most revered places in Israel. Zion is mentioned in the Bible and is the personification of the Promised Land and the entire Jewish history.
Jerusalem Biblical Zoo
Jerusalem Biblical Zoo is a convenient and pleasant place, which will appeal to visitors of all ages. It is deservedly considered one of the most beautiful sights of Jerusalem. In addition to an extensive zoo, where 170 species of animals are represented, most of which are mentioned in the Bible, there is also an artificial lake with waterfalls and picturesque lawns for recreation. There are special zones for children: a living area where they can play with harmless animals, an entertainment zone, a sculpture garden created by French artist Niki de Saint Phalle, and a cafeteria.
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